Cheddar: an open-source real-time scheduling tool/simulator

What is Cheddar ?

In few words

Cheddar is a GPL real-time scheduling tool/simulator. Cheddar allows you to model software architectures of real-time systems and to check their schedulability or other performance criteria.

As many schedulability analysis tools, schedulability can be assessed by scheduling simulations or feasibility tests.

With Cheddar, the modeling of the system to verify can be made with either AADL or with the Cheddar architecture design language. Some experiments also exist with MARTE UML. Finally, Cheddar hosts a domain specific language inside its scheduling simulator that allows users to design new task models or scheduling policies.

To summarize, Cheddar can help you : to perform schedulability analysis, to be used for educational purpose or to quickly prototype new real-time scheduling policies or task models.


Cheddar is developed and maintened by a team composed of the Lab-STICC laboratory UMR CNRS 6285, from the University of Brest and Ellidiss Technologies.

The Cheddar project was started in 2002 by Frank Singhoff, University of Brest, who currently leads the Cheddar team. The full list of the contributors can be reach there. Since 2008, Ellidiss Technologies also contributes to the development of Cheddar and provides industrial support of it by their commertial tool called AADLInspector .

Main features

Cheddar is composed of two independent parts : an editor to model the real-time system to be analyzed, and a framework to perform analysis.

The editor allows you to describe systems composed of cores, processors, cache units, network-on-chips which own software components (e.g. tasks, shared resources, buffers). Task component may communicate by messages or with buffers. Cheddar includes its own ADL, namely Cheddar ADL for such modeling work. However, Cheddar is also able to handle AADL models with an embedded AADL V1.0 parser built with Ocarina , but also with a full compliant AADL V2 parser thanks to its commercial version embedded into AADLInspector.

The framework, called "Cheddar Kernel", can be called alone (e.g. by a shell script) or embedded in a toolset. The framework is embedded in specific tool sets such as : The framework includes many feasibility tests and simulation tools.

The main analysis tools of Cheddar are the following:

The picture below is a screenshot of Cheddar : on the top of the picture, scheduling is drawn according to the scheduling policy of each core and processor. On the bottom, some task information is computed and displayed (response times, missed deadlines, processor utilization factor, ...).

Available Postdoc or Phd positions

No position currently available.


Download Cheddar

- Download Cheddar binaries (current version is Cheddar-3.1, release date : the 10th of October 2017) :

Cheddar is a free software under the GNU General Public License.
You can get the current stable Cheddar source code here .

Previous releases can be found here . See the ChangesLog.pdf file to have history of modifications. The file REQUESTED_FEATURES.pdf contains the new features required by users and that we plan to implement in the next releases.

You can also get access to the SVN repository of Cheddar.

For compilation procedures, please read HOWTO_COMPILE.pdf

Cheddar is written in Ada, with GNAT and GtkAda Adacore products. Cheddar is known to run on Linux and windows boxes, but should run on any Adacore supported platforms ( see AdaCore web site for details).

  • To compile Cheddar on any computer, you can also use VirtualBox. You must download the cheddar_developers.vdi file in this case. For compilation procedures with VirtualBox, please read SIMPLE_WAY_TO_COMPILE_CHEDDAR_USING_VIRTUAL_BOX.pdf

    How to install and run Cheddar

    For installation procedures, please read HOWTO_INSTALL.txt

    Work in progress

    Current developments on Cheddar are about the following topics:
    1. Cache analysis support.
    2. Global multiprocessor scheduling.
    3. NoC support.
    4. PAES implementation.

    Mailing List

    Cheddar users and developers share information with a mailing list hosted by the University of Brest.
    To post to the list, send e-mail to Warning : this is a private mailing-list (i.e. to post on this mailing-list, you have to subscribe to it).

    To subscribe to the list : send a request to with the following text in the body of your e-mail:

    SUBSCRIBE cheddar

    where is your email address.

    To unsubscribe to the list : send a request to with the following text in the body :

    SIGNOFF cheddar

    Related documents and publications

    Examples of use : system analysis, educational material and contributions from Cheddar's users

    We distribute Cheddar with a set of AADL and XML examples, but this section also contains a set of contributions from Cheddar's users :

    Authors, contributors, and Sponsors

    Cheddar is developed and maintened by a team composed of members from the Lab-STICC laboratory UMR CNRS 6285/Université de Bretagne Occidentale and Ellidiss Technologies.

    The current members of this project are: Pierre Dissaux (Ellidiss Technologies), Jérôme Legrand (Ellidiss Technologies), Alain Plantec (Lab-STICC/Université de Bretagne Occidentale), Stéphane Rubini (Lab-STICC/Université de Bretagne Occidentale), Jalil Boukhobza (Lab-STICC/Université de Bretagne Occidentale), Laurent Lemarchand (Lab-STICC/Université de Bretagne Occidentale), Nam Tran Hai (Lab-STICC/Université de Bretagne Occidentale), Mounir Lallali (Lab-STICC/Université de Bretagne Occidentale), Valérie-Anne Nicolas (Lab-STICC/Université de Bretagne Occidentale) and Frank Singhoff (Lab-STICC/Université de Bretagne Occidentale).

    Phd Students working on Cheddar: Illham Atchadam, Mourad Dridi and Blandine Djika. Former Phd Students  : Rahma Bouaziz, Hai Nam Tran, Shuai Li, Vincent Gaudel, Jérôme Legrand.

    The project has been funded by Ellidiss Technologies, Conseil régional de Bretagne, UBO, Brest Métrople, BPI France, Conseil département du Finistère, Thales TCS and EGIDE/Campus France PESSOA number 27380SA and 37932TF.

    Researches on Cheddar are also performed in collaboration with the following partners:

    The following people have also contributed to the project: see

    Thanks to people who sent us bug reports and/or advices : B. Baron, P. Mueller, H. Bonnin, T. Ren, K. Bryan, N. Hoogland, V. Hugel, J. Stemerdink, T. Vergnaud, F. Rodrigues de la Rocha, G. Laurens, V. Hugel, C. Valle, Su Young Lee, P. Wong, and M. Zanconi, ...

    In memoriam

    In the framework of the Campus France/FCT projects NORTH and SAPIENT, José Rufino was involved in the Cheddar project.

    José Rufino passed away in summer 2018. This summer, we lose someone with which we could always count, we could talk to and be heard, we could receive back nice words and incentives. José had a strong voice, but we never heard him raising his voice to anyone. We also lose his deep technical knowledge in the area of real-time and embedded systems, his ideas and persistence in pursuing them, his scientific honesty and strict rigour and his great collaborative skills. We will miss him. José devoted perhaps most of his time to his students. He cared to pass them his knowledge always seeking to improve the reading materials, preparing exercises, looking for new ways to make them learn more and better. He was considered a very demanding teacher, a characteristic that many students are only able to appreciate years later. He was also extremely dedicated and competent teacher. We believe that there will hardly be a student who will not remember José in a positive way. So the students will miss him.

    José Rufino was one of the kindest and educated persons we ever met. José was a very reserved person, maybe his kindness was too great and he didn't like to bother us with his problems. Despite so many years knowing him, there are only very few things we know from his private life, what he liked and what he used to do when away from the university. He loved an old car that belonged to his father, which he kept in good shape as he knew a lot about automotive mechanics and he could do the repairs by himself. But he didn't drive this car (at least not always), as he preferred to use public transportation to avoid traffic jams when going to work. He was taking care of his relatives who lived in Alentejo (far from Lisbon), so he was going there very often and, from time to time, would do maintenance works on that house. That's how he was. He lived his life thinking about the others and not about himself. We will miss him. Who know well how much we lose by not having him with us any longer.

    Antonio Casimiro, who met José in 1989 and worked together for almost 30 years. Frank Singhoff, Laurent Lemarchand, Stéphane Rubini, Nam Tran Hai, Jalil Boukhobza, your friends from the Cheddar team.

    Cheddar software developer work space : to get compilation instructions, to report bugs, to get developer documentation ...

    To do a bug report, to find compilation instructions and developer documentations, a work space is available for Cheddar software developers on this wiki.

    You can also report bugs and new tested platforms to (Warning : this is a private mailing-list. To post, you have to subscribe to the mailing-list first).

    Contact : Frank Singhoff
    Last update : The 20th of June, 2019